Arulmigu Thiyagarajaswamy Temple - Stone Inscriptions

Stories stone inscriptions say :

Stone inscription from variegated sources proliferate the temple, bearing testimony to the eloquence of the royal patronage extended to this temple. All the information from these stone inscriptions have been collected and published by the Tamil Nadu Government as documents in the collection “South Indian Temple Inscriptions” and also in the collection "Epigraphia Indica".

Stone inscriptions which belong to the periods of the Chola kings, Madurai Konda Gopura Kesarivarmam, Uttama Chola Devan, Raja Raja Chola I, Rajendra Chola I, Rajathiraja Chola I and Kulothunga Chola I have been found.

From the Pallava period, inscriptions from the periods of Vijaya Aparajitha Potharaiyar, Kovijaya Niruthungavarmar and Kovijaya Kambavarmar have been found. Among the Pandiyas, inscriptions from the periods of Jatavarma or Thirubhuvan Chakravarthy Sundara Pandian have been located.

From the Rashtrakutas, inscriptions bearing the name of the king of Kanchi and Tanjore, King Kannara Devan have been seen.

Inscriptions from the Vijayanagar Kingdoms that have been found are said to belong to the reigns of Sayanna Udaiyar, Devaraja’s son Punnana Udaiyar and Veerappradaba Devaraja Maharayar.

Stone inscription from the Sampuvaraaya dynasty belong to the reign of Sakalabhuvana Chakravarthy Raja Narayana Sampuvaraayar.

Kambar learns Ramayana from Sathuranana at Thiruvottiyur :

In 12 A.D. Kambar learnt the Ramayana from Pandit Sathuranana all day and composed poems in Tamil by night. Pandit Sathuranana, a Keralite, was well versed in many languages.He was a student of Niranjana Devar, who had been training several students on the precepts of Saivism. At around 11 A.D. during the tenth year of the rule of the Pallava King Kovijayakamba Varma, son of Nandivarma III, he incepted the temple Niranjana Devechuram at Thiruvottiyur. He donated several lands for this temple. Pandit Sathuranana joined as a disciple of Niranjana Devar.

He was a friend of the Rastrakuta King Vallaba, when young. Later, he came to Chola Nadu and assisted King Rajaditya Chola. In a battle that ensued between the kings, Rajaditya Chola killed King Vallaba. Heart broken after this incident, Sathuranana renounced the world to become an ascetic. A stone inscription dated to the times of the twentieth year of the rule of Krishnadevaraya III gives this information.

After Niranjana Devar’s demise, Sathuranana became the head of the institution and others who followed him named themselves by the same name. This is why there is a profusion of Pandit Sathurananas in various stone inscriptions between 10 A.D. and 12 A.D.

Stone inscriptions say that many disciples studied various scriptures at the Sathuranana madam. Kambar learnt Valmiki’s Ramayana from him. Legends say that Kannagi who burnt Madurai appeared as Vattapparai Amman before Kamban with a torch of fire and bade him to compose a poem on her. The Pandit Sathurananas during the reigns of the Chola kings Rajendra I and Kulothunga I were well versed in their subject.

A stone inscription says that Pandit Sathuranana, who owns the Sathuranana madam and the crematory grounds of Thiruvottiyur gave King Rajendra I, 450 coins on his birthday. The same reference is made in several other inscriptions.

Sage Vakkesa came from Kodambakkam and taught Saiva Siddanta to the students at Thiruvottiyur. During the ninth year of the reign of King Rajathiraja II, the Panguni Uthram festival conducted at Thiruvottiyur. The king had also attended this festival. On the sixth day, the representation of Padampakka Nathar was placed under the stalavriksha. On the same day the ‘Aalludai Nambi Sripuranam’ was presented. Amongst those who were present were Sage Vakeesa and Pandit Sathuranana. Sage Vakeesa is said to have given an explication of the purana. Besides this, Sage Vakeesa has written a book titled ‘Gnanamirtham’ which explains the nuances of Saiva Siddanta and gives an in-depth analysis of the subject. This book is considered an authority even today.